Lactarius rufus (Scop.) Fr. (1838)    sensu auct. Amer.                                               *Collection: Idaho

This common Western North American milk cap has been called after the European Lactarius rufus. It truly resembles the European concept, including the somewhat bi-colored stem... Molecular studies will probably show that it is related, but different different species. I find it much more common in the Spruce areas of the PNW than in Calfiornia.